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Transformation of Chinese factories: the hard core of the industrial Internet strikes, how to solve the pain of Chinese manufacturing

The development path of China’s industrial Internet is also limited by its own industrial development level and Internet development status. It has many advantages such as huge market scale, diversified market demand, and blooming models, but also faces many challenges; how the government and the market truly form a joint force, It also needs to be solved further.

Cover design/Li Li

Text | “Finance” reporter Su Qi

Edit | Zhang Yandong

At the end of the year, there was a lot of heated debate about whether and how China’s economy should maintain the “Six” period. Behind the dispute over what measures to take, that is, the essence of the whole dispute is how to strike a balance between the necessary stimulus to maintain China’s short-term economic growth and the long-term momentum of sustainable development. In other words, while maintaining the necessary stimulus, how to find new momentum for China’s economic growth as soon as possible has become the key to the problem.

In recent years, in the transformation of the old and new momentum of China’s economic growth, the Industrial Internet, which is the core of industrial upgrading, has been given high hopes. Different starting points and advanced paths of industrialization and informatization determine that the development of China’s industrial Internet must be different from the European, American and Japanese models. What are the advantages and shortcomings in the development of China’s Industrial Internet? How can all parties make up for their weaknesses? How can IT, OT, and CT form a joint force as soon as possible, give play to the advantages of collaborative innovation, and go out of the evolution path with Chinese characteristics as soon as possible, and truly become a Chinese manufacturing industry The key enabler is a matter of general concern from decision-makers to market players.

“Finance Think Tank” and China Industrial Internet Industry Alliance, together with Wu Hequan, Academician of Chinese Academy of Engineering, Zhu Sendi, Honorary Director of Expert Committee of China Machinery Industry Federation, Dong Yunting, Director of Expert Committee of China Electronic Information Industry Association, Yu Xiaohui, Vice President of China Academy of Information and Communications Technology, and State Council Xu Zhaoyuan, Director of the Research Office of the Industrial Economic Research Department of the Development Research Center, and other industry authorities, launched a research tour of China’s Industrial Internet in 2019. The survey lasted for nearly half a year, during which we visited nearly 100 manufacturing companies, dozens of industrial Internet suppliers and related government agencies, and strived to fully Display the true picture of China’s manufacturing transformation and upgrading and the development and evolution of China’s industrial Internet for readers , And seek advice from experts, in order to work hard to solve the healthy, rapid and sustainable development of China’s industrial Internet.

——”Financial and Economic Think Tank”

8 o’clock in the morning. The CEO of a well-known manufacturing company is stuck on his way to work as usual. In the era of mobile office, it is not difficult to hold a video conference in the car. But he also needs to grasp the operating conditions within the enterprise and the upstream and downstream of the industrial chain in real time, including incoming materials, inventory and even sales. Now, as long as he opens the industrial Internet platform APP on his mobile phone, he can not only see the work progress of each department and the dynamic connection and coordination status of each department in real time, but also can monitor the equipment operation status of the specific workshop. If he has more energy, he can also observe whether the departure and warehousing status of the logistics fleet is normal, and even the equipment operation status of overseas users thousands of miles away can be observed in real time. Because all machines, equipment, vehicles, various terminals, and internal and external platforms are online, it allows managers to know everything in every inch through remote video or visual data models.

For outsiders, the above-mentioned scenes generated by the increasing popularity of the Industrial Internet are shocking enough. But for industry insiders, this is far from enough. For example, the Industrial Fulian, which was born out of Foxconn, proposed to realize the full integration of the six streams through the Industrial Internet. The so-called six streams are logistics, people, process, finance, information, and technology. According to related persons from the Industrial Fulian, they have formed a complete set of solutions that can coordinate all the people, things, and things in the production, operation, research, and development processes to form full value chain management and full real-time data sharing.

This is of course an ideal situation. For those non-leading benchmarking companies, some of the links in the above scenarios have become reality, some are still working on it, and some are currently not included in the consideration list from the perspective of cost-benefit ratio and practicality.

What is the current development status of China’s Industrial Internet? What are the advantages and shortcomings? What are the evolving models? How to better realize the choice of a better path? In this process, how to achieve a better combination of the power of the government, the market and the enterprise?

Motivation, motivation and kinetic energy

If one sentence is used to clarify the meaning of the Industrial Internet, it is to reshape the relationship between machines, data and people, and data and data in the era of big data.

In recent years, facing rising costs of labor, raw materials and environmental protection, as well as pressure from Vietnam and other manufacturing rookies to catch up, Chinese manufacturing companies have continuously increased their investment in information technology and automation, hoping to achieve a climb in the value chain. Continue to maintain its own competitive advantage. The two-year Sino-US trade war has virtually increased the sense of urgency.

The emergence of the Industrial Internet on the basis of accelerating informatization and automation is not only a technological change, but also an organizational change. Like previous technological and organizational changes, the enthusiasm for the Industrial Internet not only stems from the endogenous needs of the enterprise itself, but also from the force of the market environment.

From the perspective of industry insiders, if one sentence is used to clarify the meaning of the Industrial Internet, it is to reshape the relationship between machines, data and people, and data and data in the era of big data.

When talking about the original intention of building the industrial Internet, the person in charge of Zhejiang Hangzhou “5G+Industrial Internet” pioneering enterprise Zhaofeng Electromechanical said that the main purpose is to solve the following pain points: First, the data is too messy. In traditional data analysis, it is time-consuming and energy-consuming to do things independently. Second, each link of production, supply and marketing is dominated by experience, not data-oriented. Experience has its limitations. The public is justified. Third, people are gone, experience is gone, lack of precipitation experience, often need to re-train new people, disorderly and unable to achieve the ideal state.

In just a few words, it almost covers the more prominent problems currently faced by Chinese manufacturing companies that already have a certain foundation of informatization. For example, to solve the problem of information islands opening up data and data coordination. Zhejiang Supcon has encountered extreme examples in practice. For example, in some large manufacturing enterprises, almost every factory has dozens of various systems, and each system has its own data collection, Database, user interface, and even have their own usernames for each set. The most funny thing is that in a factory, the deputy director of IT has a special piece of paper to list all the usernames and passwords on each system, and they have to find different ones every day. Go to the platform to see the data or reports that he cares about.

By opening up information islands, connecting and integrating the data of production, production line, quality, financial and other systems, and reshaping the relationship between data and data, data has become universal while playing a multiplier effect. .

Another example is that with the aging of the previous generation of workers, how to pass on their manufacturing experience, especially some “secret skills” in the process, has become a real problem. According to Zhaofeng Electromechanical, through the construction of the Industrial Internet, many process values ​​could not be reflected in the entire production process. After data combing, new value of data was excavated, and experience was also left, and it became the organization for further growth. Fertile soil. Next, intelligent manufacturing based on overall cognition, work collaboration, and machine learning has a solid foundation.

In addition to retaining and passing on the experience of the older generation of workers through data, the industrial Internet transformation of manufacturing companies also has the meaning of attracting young workers. This in itself is also due to the decline in the demographic dividend, and the recruitment of workers in the manufacturing industry does not seem to go smoothly in the past. According to a person from the Zhejiang Provincial Department of Industry and Information Technology, if small and medium-sized enterprises do not undergo transformation, they may face a dilemma that no one can recruit. Today’s post-90s and future post-00s are unwilling to enter the manufacturing industry, forcing companies to make changes in order to attract some talents. People from XCMG Information said with a smile, what is suitable for young people now? Mobile phone operations, such as mobile phone operations. Operation through the mobile phone APP is more in line with the lifestyle and ideas of contemporary youth. Marx said that the alienation of “people” on the traditional manufacturing assembly line may be alleviated and corrected to some extent.

In recent years, intelligent manufacturing has become a hot word and a goal generally pursued by manufacturing enterprises. Intelligent manufacturing means that processes can be optimized online, the rate of defective products can be reduced, personalized customization, and so on. The realization of intelligent manufacturing includes not only the automation and digitization of manufacturing itself, but also the coordination of upstream and downstream industrial chains, including the smooth flow of logistics and zero inventory. The core of these is the ability of data and modeling.

According to Zhejiang Supcon Group, which has been deeply involved in the field of automation control for a long time, from an industrial perspective, on the basis of completing an intelligent production system, it needs to connect equipment, products, including people and equipment, virtual and reality, on the one hand, The industrial Internet platform carries out the large-scale integration of all industrial data, and optimizes the process around safety, personnel, and quality, as well as the optimization of assets; on the other hand, it needs to be extended to the outside of the factory at the same time, from the logistics between the processes in the factory to the outside of the factory. Supply chain, the management of the whole life cycle of the product from manufacturing in the factory to use outside the factory, and its service.

From the perspective of industry insiders, for many companies, with the continuous improvement of their digitization, networking and intelligence level, and the continuous improvement of the smoothness of supply chain management, as well as the collaboration of internal and external collaborative research and development and even shared manufacturing Paying more attention to it, entering the Industrial Internet is a natural choice.

Of course, this “outward” extension is, to a certain extent, the result of China’s relatively leading consumer Internet platform and smart logistics. In other words, the level of intelligence in China’s manufacturing industry has lagged behind the development of e-commerce platforms and smart logistics for a period of time. The high efficiency of e-commerce platforms and the smoothness of smart logistics are forcing manufacturing companies to improve quality and efficiency.

From the perspective of Internet companies, after realizing the ubiquity of the consumer Internet, the best players such as Ali are extending to the manufacturing link, using the advantages of the consumer Internet platform to reflexively empower the manufacturing industry, combining the latest IT technology with The integration of manufacturing technologies in the traditional industrial field accelerates the integration of the Internet and industry, and the reconfiguration of production and network resources.

In addition, with the rise of the consumer Internet and the rise of a new generation of online consumers, intelligent manufacturing is not only about automation, but also about adapting to the customization problem of the real-time online era of the Internet of Everything, that is, the problem of C2M. Manufacturing and services are increasingly showing a trend of accelerating integration. Customized appliances, smart homes, better understanding of the operation of appliances than consumers, modeling of consumer behavior, etc. have become indispensable strategies for manufacturing companies. , And all this is inseparable from the support of the Industrial Internet.

Nowadays, the increase in data integration capabilities brought about by the increase in the commercialization of 5G technology has also made the implementation of the industrial Internet vision more feasible. According to industry insiders, many companies have tried to perform various modeling before, but the data cannot be processed, because the mass digital generation speed is very fast, for example, image parameters in multiple places need to be calculated, and 5G has low-latency mass channels The characteristics of it, it calculates 300,000 times a second, so that after the data is collected on the device, not only can the modeling be processed quickly, but the depth of the model establishment can reach the expected goal and produce an ideal structure.

The acceleration of China’s industrial Internet is not only an extension of a series of events, but also a coupling effect of a group of factors. It has its own development law and dynamic mechanism. How to take advantage of the situation and guide the situation has become a topic before people.

Transformation of Chinese factories: the hard core of the industrial Internet strikes, how to solve the pain of Chinese manufacturing

The production workshop of Suzhou Mingzhi Technology.Picture/provided by interviewee

Mode, Words and Business Opportunities

China’s industrial Internet platforms can be roughly divided into manufacturing endogenous type, Internet enterprise anti-cut type, and enterprises that have been deeply engaged in automation in the past.Each has different technology-driven models and advantages

Speaking of the Industrial Internet, people will find that the architecture and language skills of various vendors are quite different. When it comes to architecture, it is basically the familiar connection layer (SCADA, etc.), to the infrastructure layer (IaaS), to the development platform layer (PaaS) and then to the industrial application layer (SaaS). Of course, there will be a built-in layer with its own The OS layer with distinctive advantages is used for integration and collaborative management, and the speech skills are all familiar: enabling, enabling, platform, ecology, connection, linking, opening up, online, integration, interaction, and so on.

Under these industrial Internet architectures that show convergence, there are different technology-driven models and their respective advantages. Corresponding to the development of China’s industrial and Internet sectors, China’s industrial Internet platforms can be roughly divided into manufacturing endogenous types (such as home appliance companies Midea Smart Number, Haier’s Cosmo platform, etc., XCMG’s Hanyun and San One’s root cloud, etc.), Internet companies (such as Ali’s supET, etc.), communication fields such as Huawei, and automation companies such as Zhejiang Zhongkong. Others also include a certain link alone, such as smart device networking software and hardware companies, industrial software R&D and manufacturers, etc.

Although they all emphasize the “double-span”, that is, cross-industry and cross-field capabilities, industrial Internet platform companies based on different expertise still have their own different directions when it comes to marketing and capturing business opportunities. Generally speaking, the endogenous industrial Internet of enterprises likes to emphasize their ability to take everything in their entire architecture, while Internet companies such as Alibaba highlight the capabilities of their own platforms and emphasize that they will introduce leading companies in various industries to build benchmark applications. And so on will emphasize their accumulation in the industrial application field and the ability to adapt to the scene. In addition, it is necessary to carry out different technical corrections according to the target enterprise. For example, with large enterprises as the main customers, more emphasis should be placed on the ability to connect and integrate, and the ability to expand the connection to the outside of the enterprise, while the empowerment of small and medium-sized enterprises should emphasize cost and Universality. Finally, we need to consider the differences between the north and the south, the differences between different industrial clusters, and the more subtle and more pragmatic and pragmatic differences in preferences.

This leads to the question of how to define the Industrial Internet. In this regard, the industry has different understandings and expressions. According to the broadest definition, as long as the device can be connected to the Internet for monitoring, or even just equipped with a camera to remotely monitor the operation of the device and the operation of personnel, it can also be regarded as a form of the industrial Internet. According to the stricter definition of the relevant experts of the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology, the Industrial Internet is not only the equipment networking, system integration, external connection and ecological construction within the enterprise, but also the industry platform effect. Industry enterprise applications, on this basis, enterprises can also generate personalized applications.

For industrial Internet platform companies, the scenarios may be ever-changing, but in the final analysis, they are all aimed at achieving more effective management of equipment and management processes, and achieving the effect of improving quality and efficiency. Of course, due to the different foundations of informatization, large and medium-sized enterprises have their own different motivations and demands, which need to be divided into categories to satisfy. Capital and technology-intensive enterprises such as machinery manufacturing, engineering equipment, energy and power, transportation, etc., have relatively high levels of informatization and have experience in remote operation and maintenance. What is needed more is system integration based on industrial automation control. Many small and medium-sized enterprises have to take supplementary courses on informatization first. Among them, medium-sized enterprises have to be differentiated from small and micro enterprises. According to Huawei, many medium-sized enterprises with a scale of 100 million to 1 billion yuan, especially private enterprises, are investing rapidly in the industrial Internet. The relevant informatization investment of small and micro enterprises ranges from tens of thousands to hundreds of thousands of yuan, but they all tend to invest below the million yuan level, and they hope to see immediate results.

In the view of Miyun Smart Number, which was born out of Midea, the Industrial Internet is a solution to realize intelligent manufacturing. In addition to IT investment, there is also automation investment. Focusing on intelligent manufacturing, Miyun Smart Number claims to provide software solutions across the value chain. In the field of hardware, through the self-built SCADA (Supervisory Control And Data Acquisition, data acquisition and monitoring control system) hardware equipment platform, and some AI equipment detection technology to empower enterprise users, at the same time, through software support, provide the overall solution of intelligent manufacturing plan. In terms of ecological support, the Midea Industrial Cloud has been established, which integrates all the data of Midea’s industry, including data on upstream and downstream operations.

However, the relevant people of Miyun Smart Number also admitted that for many companies, the improvement of the bottom layer requires a long time. Only the transformation of automation equipment requires a huge investment. This huge investment cannot be achieved in one step. process. Therefore, in their view, at present, the most effective thing is the software, and the enterprise can first pull the entire industry chain through the software.

Zhejiang Supcon has emphasized its advantages in industrial operating systems and industrial applications. According to reports, the concept of the so-called industrial operating system is to treat each factory as a mobile phone, and the chimney-like system that already exists in the factory as an APP. Zhejiang Supcon has launched the SuperOS system, hoping to become an industrial operating system that can solve problems in the industrial field like the Android mobile phone operating system. The factory’s IT system will be refactored to change the automation systems and information systems of different suppliers. Cheng is an APP in the factory, and allows products of different suppliers to run on a unified platform, and then based on a unified data platform and a unified business platform, they can be interconnected, and the data generated can be analyzed and mined. After refactoring all the industrial software, based on the cloud architecture, the entire software system platform, including the nearly 30 years of industrial knowledge accumulation of Zhongkong, becomes the microservices, public services, and interfaces on the platform. Then it can provide an open development environment to adapt to software refactoring from different vendors.

In Zhejiang Supcon’s view, the industrial infrastructure of the Industrial Internet is its outstanding advantage, because it is closely integrated with process technology, equipment technology, operation, automation technology, and information technology. It can be solved not only by using data algorithms and data analysis without equipment, technology, and automation, but by integrating many related technologies into an optimized control technology for application. This determines why Internet companies, IT companies, and ICT communications companies cannot intervene in the industrial field at a deeper level, because this is a core problem that the Industrial Internet really faces, that is, how to sink to the bottom, combine user needs and combine the process itself To think about it.

While emphasizing its “industrial” advantages, Zhejiang Supcon also does not shy away from using various advantages in the Internet, such as Huawei’s server part, Ali’s cloud database and cloud connection part, and so on.

Born out of Sany Heavy Industry, it emphasizes the interconnection of the roots of empowering small and medium-sized enterprises. The consensus among manufacturing companies is that there must be informatization and automation before intelligence can be achieved. Without informatization and automation, there can be no digitization, let alone intelligence. But for many small and micro enterprises, they may only have software such as ERP and simple customer supply management systems, and even the SCADA system and MES system (Manufacturing Execution System, that is, the production process execution system of the manufacturing enterprise) cannot be talked about, or It is said that even with these two systems, it is still unable to handle massive amounts of data and modeling analysis.

Root interconnection is known as connecting different devices at the bottom layer, managing data in the middle, and supporting various applications on the top. However, for small and micro enterprises, what is required in the end is how to connect devices, how to collect and analyze data, how to send back instructions and remotely operate and maintain them. Every step of this is a big challenge. For many small and micro enterprises, only equipment networking is easy to say, or the equipment is too backward to connect to the Internet, or equipment manufacturers are unwilling to open the network terminal and need to pay for decoding.

Intelligent manufacturing means that processes can be optimized online, the rate of defective products can be reduced, personalized customization, and so on. The realization of intelligent manufacturing includes not only the automation and digitization of manufacturing itself, but also the coordination of upstream and downstream industrial chains, including the smooth flow of logistics and zero inventory. The core of these is the ability of data and modeling.Picture/provided by interviewee

For different scenarios, the tree root interconnection can be handled flexibly, or first soft and then hard, first complete the basic system software, or first hard and then soft, first connect the basic equipment, and then configure the required operating system, sometimes Go hand in hand with both soft and hard. For those small and micro enterprises that are still running naked in the age of industrial Internet and have a strong desire to go online, Root Internet sometimes adopts local methods to empower them, such as installing electricity meters on some old devices and connecting them to In the background, the demand for monitoring the energy consumption and operating status of the machine is met in a “disguised form”. For Root Interconnection, which has been able to carry out remote operation and maintenance of construction machinery exported by Sany Heavy Industry, it is not without the sense of killing a chicken. However, Root Interconnection still does not give up such empowerment opportunities and the business opportunities contained therein. And hope that as customers continue to grow, they can reap more development dividends.

Alibaba Industrial Cloud, which also advertises big and small, emphasizes its role as a platform, and clearly stated that it provides various industrial applications through partners in different industries. Alibaba Industrial Cloud regards its supET platform as a data center, which can be used by large enterprises as well as small enterprises. According to Alibaba Industrial Cloud, large enterprises have almost all systems. It goes without saying that ERP, MES, etc., industrial chain collaboration platforms and connections with e-commerce platforms are also integrated, and supET is to provide a base part to integrate these The platforms are well connected to truly get through the various business systems, and then let the data accumulate in this middle platform.

This seems to be similar to Zhejiang Supcon’s superOS, but unlike Supcon, which has been immersed in industrial automation control systems for a long time, Alibaba Industrial Cloud emphasizes that it is an industrial Internet platform and is positioned to build a platform and build an ecological role. It is to provide more IaaS and PaaS capabilities, and all the above applications are mainly solved through partners in all walks of life. With strong platform ecological capabilities and applications provided by partners from all walks of life, Alibaba Industrial Cloud can provide small and medium-sized enterprises with so-called digital factories, allowing users to directly import their digital factory apps, and use Alibaba at a relatively low price. Industrial cloud platform, computing power and applications developed with industry partners.

It is worth mentioning that, considering the huge and diverse needs of the Chinese market, some industrial Internet companies that only provide pre-integrated software and operating platforms without touching applications or data can find a place. This may be the fascinating part of the evolution of China’s industrial Internet.

Advantages, challenges and the way to join forces with the public

The market should be given more patience and space, so that market entities with different resource endowments, technological precipitation and innovation paths can play more of their own initiative, so that related IT, OT, and CT companies can achieve a better combination of collaborative innovation in the market competition.

The development path and level of the industrial Internet of any economy will undoubtedly benefit from and be limited by its own industrial development level and the status quo of the Internet development, and China is of course no exception.

From the perspective of industry insiders, one of the outstanding advantages of China’s industrial Internet development is that our industrial foundation is relatively strong, there is a certain level of automation, and there are many application scenarios, and because there are companies in all stages of development, market demand is diversified, and market scale huge. From the perspective of the Internet, consumer electronics platforms and game software providers such as Ali and Tencent are good at computing power and cloud platform construction. Coupled with the high level of intelligence in China’s logistics industry, China’s industrial Internet The development picture and evolution path of the company present a situation where a hundred flowers bloom.

The development of China’s Industrial Internet has once again proved the charm of market evolution and the effectiveness of unplanned collaborative innovation. For example, Ali and others did not expect that they would have a big day in the field of industrial Internet. However, traditional automation control system companies such as Zhongkong have also obtained greater synergy due to the sudden emergence of IT.

For Chinese companies that are facing global production restructuring, the rise of the Chinese-style industrial Internet is beneficial to the control of the production chain and value chain in the context of industrial relocation, and the remote operation and maintenance and management optimization capabilities brought by the industrial Internet The improvement of the market has also provided a huge boost to the electromechanical equipment companies that are struggling to open up overseas markets. At the same time, the empowerment of the industrial Internet for small and medium-sized enterprises will accelerate the upgrading of China’s economy and the conversion of new and old momentum. The resulting investment in software, hardware and information infrastructure will provide reliable support for the Chinese economy facing huge downward pressure. Counter-cyclical support.

The evolution of the Industrial Internet will bring about dramatic changes to the landscape of China’s manufacturing industry. The stronger the stronger the head effect will become more prominent. Whether it can catch up with the industrial Internet wave itself will determine the fate of the enterprise and thus eliminate the weak. Stay strong to remove excess capacity.

At the same time, people must be fully aware of the challenges facing China’s industrial Internet development. At the macro level, the global economy is facing downward pressure, resulting in insufficient aggregate demand. This has brought worsening effects to those Chinese small and medium-sized manufacturing enterprises that have low technological level, insufficient R&D investment and are used to making quick money, making them more stretched and difficult to deal with. Make the necessary investment for the urgently needed technology upgrade. The political and economic populism triggered by the ebb of globalization will increase political and economic frictions among economies, bring volatility to global value chains and production supply chains, and hinder industrial collaboration and collaborative innovation in the field of information technology.

According to the experts of the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology, whether industrial software or industrial APP, the most important thing is to integrate the five elements of technology, experience, process, culture, and management of different industries into the industrial mechanism model to form a targeted Different industry applications. The Chinese manufacturing industry, which enjoys the advantage of latecomer, has almost fully utilized the ability of industry following and technology conversion. However, it must be admitted that the industry still has certain aspects such as process accumulation, process shaping and inheritance, and the application of precipitated industrial data. difference.

Relevant experts once lamented that if Foxconn-born Industrial Fortune is a mainland company, the enabling effect of China’s Industrial Internet will be very different. Next, facing the reorganization of the global production chain, how to deal with the reduction of industrial cluster advantages and the narrowing of industrial scenes that may be brought about by the relocation of the manufacturing industry, how to continue to actively participate in the international division of labor, continue to follow the trend of foreign advanced manufacturing, and continue to accumulate Taking advantage of one’s own advantages and transforming them is an urgent issue for China’s manufacturing industry.

As for the Internet, especially at the level of software and operating systems, how to balance the tension between self-control and openness and advancement, how to not only give play to local advantages, but also insist on opening up to the outside world and keep up with international leading trends and standards. It is also a challenge that should not be neglected not to fall into a situation of being decoupled from fields such as big data and cloud computing.

According to relevant experts from the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology, the United States, which has been absorbing reindustrialization in recent years, has proposed five strategies for the development of advanced manufacturing, including continuous development of new advanced manufacturing technologies, continuous training of new employees in advanced manufacturing, building a flexible supply chain, and strengthening STEM ( Science, technology, engineering, mathematics) education, and strengthening the protection of intellectual property rights, etc. The U.S. manufacturing industry, which itself is in a leading position, is so hard at governance, it poses a new and powerful challenge to China’s manufacturing industry, warning us to promote the industrial Internet quickly.

Of course, in the face of various challenges and pressures, relevant departments and enterprises must not be confused or even exert too much force. The correct approach is still to have a sense of urgency and follow the trend according to one’s abilities, and not to go fast, to achieve a face-saving project and a performance project, and the final effect is achieved.

In the view of industry insiders, the biggest challenge at present is still how to more effectively utilize the advantages of the organic combination of Chinese government and market forces, combine national strategy and market more effectively, and guide private enterprises to participate with market forces. And act as the main force of change, so that the market and the government can better form a synergy.

Experience has proved that in the past technological changes, the more reasonable government’s role is mainly to raise awareness, strengthen coordination, set benchmarks, and financial support. Regular mutual communication mechanisms and platforms can enhance the relevant awareness of business owners and provide opportunities to connect with relevant suppliers. These are all proven measures.

At present, the central and local governments have a sense of urgency for the construction of the industrial Internet, and they have also introduced many policies and measures and invested a lot of resources. However, from the perspective of industry insiders, there are more or less excessive slogans and excessively fast pace at the level of central ministries and commissions. From the integration of industrialization and industrialization, to digital transformation, to intelligent manufacturing, and to the industrial Internet, the following are somewhat unable to catch up. a feeling of. On the other hand, local governments have challenges with proper participation and guidance, such as how to use government subsidies on a knife edge, how to effectively prevent fraudulent subsidies, and how to switch from simple financial blood transfusion to sustainable hematopoiesis.

At the end of the year, the debate about China’s desirable growth rate has aroused a lot of attention. Aside from specific numerical indicators, an important consensus is that future growth will mainly come from the increase in total factor productivity, and the increase in total factor productivity is closely related to innovation and entrepreneurship. This means that the government should reduce its participation in economic affairs and allow the market to play a decisive role in the allocation of resources.

From the perspective of industry insiders, the construction of China’s industrial Internet, which is the most important part of improving total factor productivity, requires the government and the market to establish a consensual cooperation model. Among them, eliminating ownership discrimination and establishing a true competitive neutrality principle is particularly important. Because of the complex of autonomous, controllable and bigger and stronger, the balance of resources has been tilted to the national-brand enterprises intentionally or unintentionally.

How many things, I have never been anxious. In the face of weak global demand and downward pressure on the Chinese economy, governments at all levels and many enterprises are understandably eager to seek breakthroughs in transformation and upgrading. This is also a valuable driving force for China’s economic and social progress. However, industry insiders emphasized that the more so, the more important it is to maintain strategic determination.

Specifically for the development of the Industrial Internet, what is more important is not to be eager to summarize the model, set a benchmark and promote it as soon as possible, but to give the market more patience and space, so that market entities with different resource endowments, technological precipitation and innovation paths should be more important. Give full play to their own initiative, so that related IT, OT, and CT companies can achieve a better combination of collaborative innovation in the market competition, and then achieve a breakthrough in the industrial Internet with Chinese characteristics.

At the same time, the government and market parties should be wary of not being industrial Internet for industrial Internet, indulging in conceptual gimmicks, creating themes for various speculative investments, and keeping in mind the original intention of “industry-oriented, technology-enabled” and always The actual effect of feeding back the industry serves as a yardstick to find a solid foundation and sustainable driving force for the transformation and upgrading of China’s manufacturing industry.

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